Osteoporosis is a disease where the bones have become weak and brittle putting people at risk for fractures. Osteoporosis is one of the most common and potentially debilitating chronic diseases. Internationally, 1 in 3 women and 1 in 5 men over the age of 50 will suffer an osteoporotic fracture.
Osteoporosis is not an inevitable part of aging, but rather occurs when more bone is removed than replaced. The hormonal changes that take place at menopause are one reason why women are at greater risk of osteoporosis than men. After our mid-20s, the balance between “bone building” and “bone dissolving” may start to change, and bone loss usually speeds up over time. For most women, bone loss increases after menopause. In fact, in the five to seven years after menopause, women can lose 20 percent or more of their bone density.
While genetics and family history play an important role in determining your osteoporosis risk, there are many things you can do to help preserve your bone health.
A number of factors can increase the likelihood that you’ll develop osteoporosis — including your age, race, lifestyle choices, and medical conditions and treatments.
Some risk factors for osteoporosis are out of your control, including:
- Your sex Women are much more likely to develop osteoporosis than are men.
- Age The older you get, the greater your risk of osteoporosis.
- Race You’re at greatest risk of osteoporosis if you’re white or of Asian descent.
- Family history Having a parent or sibling with osteoporosis puts you at greater risk, especially if your mother or father experienced a hip fracture.
- Body frame size: men and women who have small body frames tend to have a higher risk because they may have less bone mass to draw from as they age.
- Low calcium intake: a lifelong lack of calcium plays a role in the development of osteoporosis. Low calcium intake contributes to diminished bone density, early bone loss and an increased risk of fractures.
- Eating disorders: severely restricting food intake and being underweight weakens bone in both men and women.
- Hormones: osteoporosis is more common in people who have too much or too little of certain hormones in their bodies.
- Medication: the regular use of steroids and other medications.
- Excessive alcohol consumption: regular consumption of more than two alcoholic drinks a day increases your risk of osteoporosis.
- Tobacco use: the exact role tobacco plays in osteoporosis isn’t clearly understood, but it has been shown that tobacco use contributes to weak bones.
DIAGNOSIS & DXA Scan
As a preventative measure, not only if you are at risk of osteoporosis, it is recommended to regularly check your bone mineral density in consultation with your primary care physician. A person’s bone strength is determined by bone mineral density (BMD), the term used to describe the bone quality. Using bone density scanning, also called dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) or bone densitometry, clinicians are able to diagnose osteoporosis, predict fracture risk, and monitor response to therapy. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) of the spine, hip, and forearm is the most accurate method for the diagnosis of osteoporosis and is the best method for monitoring changes in BMD over time.
Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is a noninvasive, low radiation scan that takes approximately 10-12 minutes. The scan shows the bodies body fat and muscle composition and bone mineral density.
HUDSON BONE HEALTH TEAM:
The Bone Health team at Hudson Spine and Pain Medicine include several Board-certified pain management Doctors and anesthesiologists, bone health specialists, Clinical Nutritionist and Anti-aging Doctors. The team can help prevent (through early detection), diagnose and manage any bone health-related issues and tailor a care plan designed to support and improve your bone health.
The pain management specialists provide both medical and procedural relief for patients who suffer from osteoporotic fracture of the spine. Specialist procedures include Kyphoplasty, a minimally invasive surgery used by the team to stabilize spinal compression fracture and treat the pain.
To book in for a bone health consultation and DXA scan at Hudson Wellness please phone us on 646-882-6278 or firstname.lastname@example.org to make an appointment.